The Culture at Sikkim

By on June 8, 2013
The people of Sikkim are very warm, friendly and sweet. They celebrate even the small festivals with equal love and devotion. Traditional music and dance forms an important of the local festival and celebration in Sikkim.
Population: Population of Sikkim is categorized into three major groups namely the Lepchas, Bhutias and the Nepalis.The Lepchas are the natives of Sikkim with very little known about their origin. A theory has it that the Lepchas moved in from the borders of Assam and Burma while another speaks of them migrating from Southern Tibet.The Bhutias are purely of Tibetan origin who migrated to Sikkim from Tibet somewhere after the fifteenth century. The language of the Bhutias is Sikkimese, a dialect of the Tibetan language and are mostly Buddhists.The Nepalese who migrated from Nepal from the mid-nineteenth century form the dominant population. It was the British who patronized the Nepalese for their warlike qualities and integrity and raised an entire army consisting purely of Nepalese soldiers. 

skkim_sportPopular Sport

Archery is a popular sport of Sikkim people. Archery is played traditionally after the harvests. This was the unique way for the villagers to assemble at a place and enjoy during the period of inactivity. This ancient sport of the region has seen a recent revival to rejuvenate the cultural identity of the region.







Food & Cuisine in Sikkim

Rice is a staple cereal in the food and cuisine of Sikkim eaten all over. When eating out in Sikkim you will find Tibetan momos, steamed wheat flour dumplings stuffed with meat or vegetables, are popular as snacks or starters. Eaten with sweet and spicy sauces or dunked into bowls of soup, momos are sold by street vendors everywhere.







Dance and Musicbhutiadance

Folk dances and songs are an ingrained part of Sikkimese culture. Most of the dances related to the amazing beauty of the natural surroundings, some signifies the harvest season and others are performed for prosperity. Many of the musical instruments that accompany the dances are unique to Sikkim. Almost all the dances are accompanied by the musical instruments.

Lu Khangthamo

It is dedicated to this day – a day of thanks giving to all Gods and deities of the three worlds, Heaven, Earth and Hell. This age old folk dance is performed regularly by the young and old folk alike in their traditional customs and ornaments accompanied by the pleasing song and music on the occasion like warming and New Year celebrations.

Gha To Kito

It is a song cum dance which describes all about the treasures of Sikkim like Mount Khangchendzonga and the snow covered Himalayan ranges, rhododendrons and primulas, holy places, caves ad minerals.

Chi Rimu

It is performed in praise of Sikkim by young and old folks. This dance is a regular feature in every happy occasion when Bhutias express reverence to great teachers and sacred places of worship.

Gnungmala Gnunghey

performed in praise, by both male and female to the accompaniment of devotional hymns and song of the multi purpose majestic bamboos, describing its use.


It is typical Sikkimese dance performed during the happy occasions like childbirth, marriage and other social gatherings, offer paying their sincere thanks to the god for his blessings.


Enchey Chaam

Sikkim’s famous mask dances provide a spectacle, perhaps nowhere to be experienced in the entire world. Performed by lamas in the ‘Gompa’ courtyard to celebrate religious festivals, dances demonstrate perfect footwork and grace.

Kagyed Dance

It is performed on the 28th and 29th day of the 10th month of the Tibetan Calendar, around December. This dance is performed symbolizing the destruction of the evil forces and hoping for peace and prosperity to flourish in every Sikkimese home.

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